About Us


Project Director Prince Hillary Maloba’s landmark speech in Kimilili, Kenya. 2 February, 2016.

I do believe there is an element of cultural imperialism among members of circumcising groups (Americans, Muslims, Jews) who believe they have something important to share with “primitive” non-circumcising cultures.

—Tim Hammond
Human rights advocate

What is VMMC?

“Voluntary medical male circumcision” (VMMC) is the policy term for the world’s first mass surgical campaign, targeting Africans. Its goal is to create and maintain an 80% male circumcision rate throughout the African continent.

As of November 2017, 15.2 million men and boys have been circumcised on American taxpayer dollars through the President’s Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). Because many men refuse circumcision, “early infant male circumcision” (EIMC) was added to the VMMC agenda in 2016. EIMC is administered by UNICEF.

The problem

It doesn’t help. It kills.

VMMC is often portrayed as a simple surgical solution to the African HIV/AIDS epidemic. Africans have found that this is not the reality. Many cite ethical and human rights issues within the campaign. Others observe that newly circumcised men and their partners are infected with HIV at a higher rate than those who were left alone.

Western public health agencies are endorsing VMMC to curb the spread of HIV by 50–60%. To that end, they are actively misinforming Africans that circumcision is protective against HIV (the “surgical condom” myth). This false security is a leading contributor to the HIV epidemic today. In Malawi, the national HIV rate is reported to have doubled from 10% to 20% in the first year VMMC was implemented. In Uganda where we conducted our investigation, Ministry of Health statistics show higher HIV rates now than before VMMC implementation.

African HIV rates had been on a downward trend that was reversed when VMMC was implemented. For the first time since the war on AIDS began, HIV is back on the rise. UNAIDS’ 2016 Prevention Gap Report states:

Declines in new HIV infections among adults have slowed, threatening further progress towards the end of the AIDS epidemic. Since 2010 [shortly after VMMC roll-out], the annual number of new infections among adults has remained static.

A Lancet article conveyed the tone of the 2016 International AIDS Conference:

[T]he mood was sombre as the goal of an end to AIDS receded.

Few have called out the probable cause of the unprecedented rise in new HIV infections that is plaguing sub-Saharan Africa today.

The Western public health community has yet to acknowledge the harm that VMMC is causing to its subjects, their partners whose HIV risk may be increased, and non-medically circumcised men exposed to the misinformation that circumcision provides protection against HIV. Many have become infected or died of AIDS believing they were protected by circumcision.

Background

VMMC was approved as a means of reducing HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa by a network of policymakers in the West. Critics have opposed the circumcision campaign due to weaknesses in the clinical trials that are used as its basis, and on ethical and practical grounds. However, the discourse on VMMC has been largely confined to the Western world where the body of VMMC-promoting literature only grows.

By 2014, six million men and children had been circumcised without follow-up, yet the global public had not heard a word from them. The VMMC Experience Project was established that year to give a voice to the people affected by the campaign. Our aim is to empower the most frequently overlooked contingent in the African circumcision regime: Africans.

Thank you for your true support to bring murderous [murderers] to world attention, we are under watch by agents of VMMC. There is man whose [Facebook] account has been closed in Uganda for writing against VMMC as failed project and I had warned him, agents of death want their blood business to continue so that they become richer as we poor are cheated to present our pens [penises] for cut, get HIV and die as they celebrate their achievement.

Setting

We conducted interviews from 1–16 February, 2016. A district list is forthcoming.

Our focus was on three traditionally non-circumcising tribes targeted by VMMC: the Luo tribe in western Kenya (a predominately circumcising country), and the Bagwere and Iteso tribes in eastern Uganda. The Luo tribe faces ethnic discrimination for being uncircumcised, including barring from public office and forced circumcision attacks from the neighbouring Luhya tribe. The Bagwere and Iteso tribes have no cultural context for circumcision.

Interviews were conducted in English, Swahili, Dholuo, Teso, Lugwere, Luganda, and Samia languages.

 

What’s a mucous membrane anyway? Click here to see our analysis of VMMC science.